Ankle Anatomy and Injury

Do you have ankle pain? This video demonstrates the anatomy of the ankle and briefly explains how the ankle works, how the ankle can get injured and what physiotherapy can do to help your ankle move and feel better.

Hi, this is Dana Ranahan from Body Works Sports Physiotherapy. And today I want to talk to you about the ankle. Now, many of us have had ankle sprains or injuries with growing up sometimes and maybe a little ankle fracture that healed quickly, but the ankle itself is actually quite complex joint.

So I have the bones in front of me here to kind of show you what they look like. So we can look a little bit about the anatomy of the ankle joint. Because we kind of think it’s straight, simple, and it just bends back and forth. However, there’s multiple joints that make that complex up. So as you can see, this is like the femur and the thighbone. We have the ankle underneath it. And there’s a joint at the bottom of these two lower leg bones, the tibia and fibula right here, that sort of forms the groove of the ankle joint.

And this was called the Inferior tibia-fibular, til fib joint and it joins into the main part of the ankle joint called the talo-crural joint. And this is often where we can get trauma, some arthritic change, injury when we sprain our ankle. So if you end up having a sprain, you can sometimes butt up the joint a little bit and get an injury to the cartilage.