T.M.J - TemporoMandibular Joint Dysfunction (Jaw Pain / TMJ Pain)
The TemporoMandibular Joint (TMJ) is a joint near your ear that allows you to open and close your mouth, speak and chew. Pain in this area can occur when there is irritation to the joint, the joint disc, or the muscles surrounding the joint.
What TMJ conditions can physiotherapists treat?
Physiotherapy can be a very effective treatment for various TMJ dysfunctions including anterior disc displacements with and without reduction, hypermobility syndrome, hypomobility syndrome, and TMJ myofascial pain. These conditions can often be associated with neck pain and headaches which can also be treated by a physiotherapist.
Painful TMJ disorders can be caused by
Signs and symptoms of TMJ dysfunction
What can patients expect at physiotherapy?
All patients seen for physiotherapy are assessed for both TMJ and cervical spine dysfunction. Treatment is based on initial findings, and can include a mix of hands on joint mobilizations, soft tissue release, acupuncture, and exercise prescription. Another key component of these sessions will include education on topics including posture, bruxism and activity modification. Contact us for appointment.
Tips for pain related to TMJ disorders
Do the following:
How long do most patients need to attend physiotherapy?
Most patients will find significant improvements after the first couple of sessions if they are performing their home exercise program and following activity modifications, however, progress can vary significantly from patient to patient. Many patients are ready to manage independently after 3-4 sessions, while some patients may need to follow-up intermittently for a couple of months. If a patient has not shown any improvements after 3-4 weeks, I like to have them follow-up with their dentist for additional investigation and see if a night guard or other treatment options need to be discussed.
Try to avoid the following: